Early in the 20th Century, the credibility of the illness principle was often debated in medical circles. Nevertheless, in 1956 the American Medical Association (AMA) proclaimed alcoholism an “health problem.” Then, in 1966, the AMA declared alcohol addiction an illness. The decision was embroiled in controversy. Historically, Marty Mann had her hand in much of this and manipulated info and physicians into agreeing with the disease concept. Marty Mann utilized her position as creator of the NCA (National Counsel for Alcoholism) to promote the disease idea through Jellinek and the founder of the NIAAA (National Institute for Alcohol addiction and Alcoholic abuse) whose creator dealt with Marty Mann throughout the institute’s early advancement. The founder of NIAAA, R. Brinkley Smithers, was a major contributor to, and promoter of, the illness principle. It was his loan that really moneyed Jellinek’s work at Yale. Smithers was also responsible for getting insurance protection for clients in treatment (thus the 28 day program.) Smithers was certainly not selfless in his efforts. At that time he had already released a treatment program for which he was lobbying for insurance payments. Approval by the medical neighborhood was the only way this could happen; alcohol addiction needed to be a medical issue in order for medical insurance to spend for programs. We can see the impact of these “advances” daily in treatment programs. Today, the treatment industry is a multi-billion dollar industry, with insurance coverage paying the lion’s share of the costs. [Author’s note: In 2008, insurer spent for roughly 40% of those who went through alcohol and drug treatment. By 2008 “the lion’s share” of the cost of drug and alcohol treatment was paid by personal payers.]
While it can be argued that Smithers’ efforts played an important role, it was Jellinek’s study that was such a huge pivotal moment for the fans of the disease concept. The illness model was, in part, established and promoted by Jellinek and numerous other partial participants, all with individual agendas. Today (2009), Jellinek’s “Stages of the Alcohol addiction” is still commonly utilized to identify substance abuse.
” In 1976, the writer Ivan Illich alerted in the book, Limits to Medication, that ‘the medical facility has actually ended up being a major hazard to health’. At the time, he was dismissed as a radical, however a quarter of a century later on, even the medical facility is prepared to confess that he may well be. (Anthony Browne, April 14, 2002, the Observer)”.
Her efforts, combined with a somewhat suspicious scientist named E.M. Jellinek, began nationwide approval of the disease concept. The very first step was Jellinek releasing his findings in his book “The Disease Principle of Alcohol addiction,” which was based on selected topics who fit the criteria supporting Mann’s preconceived conclusions. E.M. Jellinek’s The Disease Principle of Alcoholism did not stand up to clinical analysis.
History and science have actually revealed us that the presence of the illness of alcohol addiction is pure speculation. Just stating alcoholism is a disease, does not make it true. Medical experts and American culture enthusiastically embraced the illness concept and quickly applied it to every possible habits from alcohol abuse to compulsive lecturing and nail biting. The disease idea was a panacea for many stopping working medical institutions and pharmaceutical business, adding billions of dollars to the market and leading to a timely advancement of pop-psychology. Research study has shown that alcohol addiction is a choice, not an illness, and stripping alcohol abusers of their option, by using the disease principle, is a danger to the health of the individual. If you want to learn detoxing from alcohol then check out http://30daynoalcoholchallenge.com/detoxing-from-alcohol/
The disease principle oozes into every crevice of our society perpetuating hazardous misinformation that harms the very people it was intended to assist. With this said, going to the history of the illness concept offers us all a much better understanding of how and why all of this occurred. http://30daynoalcoholchallenge.com/alcohol-detox-at-home/ can also explain how to do a alcohol detox at home.
The illness concept came from in the 1800s with a fellow by the name of Dr. Benjamin Rush. The “disease concept” was used throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s by prohibitionists and those included in the Temperance Movement to enhance their political agenda. Numerous sociologists contribute its non-existence to the really stigma that the illness principle eliminates.